Not everyone likes chillies but they are not only tasty but are unique and interesting too. Chillies are remarkable plants from their origin to their uses. There are so many facts about chillies that you have probably never heard of before.
Here are 11 facts you may not know
- Birds are immune to the burning effects of capsaicin. Only mammals are affected by chillies.
- That is the wonder of nature as birds spread the seeds of the chillies.
- There are over 140 different types of chillies. Different shapes, sizes, colours and even level of hotness.
- All bell peppers are the same plant, the different colours represent the different stages in its growth. They start out green, then yellow and finally they become red. The green is mo re bitter and the red sweeter in taste.
- There is a scale to measure how hot chillies are. It is called the Scoville Heat Unit Scale. Bell peppers can score between 1-100, in contrast, the Caroline Reaper which is dangerously hot is sitting at 2,2 million.
- Peppers have more vitamin C than oranges. There is 143.7mg of vitamin C in 100g of red chillies whereas there is 53.2mg of Vitamin C in 100g of oranges.
- Chillies are a feel-good ingredient as they release endorphins and dopamine from your brain into your body as you eat them.
- Chillies have many health benefits. They can clear sinus, boost immunity, fight inflammation and help you to lose weight.
- Chilli Peppers originated in Mexico and it is said that Christopher Columbus helped to bring chillies to the rest of the world.
- Chillies were used as a tax payment to Aztec emperors.
- Today the largest producer of green chillies is China.
- Pepper Spray is made by extracting capsaicin from chillies.
In conclusion, Chillies have a long history, have travelled all over the world and enriched many a dinner plate. Chillies on a pizza, in a Red Thai Chicken Curry or a South African traditional bunny chow, make any meal tantalizing.